Country Details: Gay Rights and Culture in Lithuania
Lithuania LGBT Rights:
Homosexual Acts Legal? Yes, since 1993
Same-sex Relationships Recognized? No
Same-sex Marriages Allowed? No
Same-sex Adoption Allowed? No
Can Gays Serve Openly in the Military? Yes
Anti-discrimination Laws? Yes
◊ Law on Equal Treatment 2005, discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation is banned in the areas of employment, education and access to goods and services.
Legislature Concerning Gender Identity? Some
◊ Article 2.27 of the Civil Code allows any non-married person to change legal gender if this is medically possible, but there are other legal challenges to applying this article.
Cultural Points of Interest:
The Lithuanian Law on the Protection of Minors against the Detrimental Effects of Public Information went into effect on March 1, 2010. The law bars ‘minors’ from receiving information about any type of sexual relationships, and seeks to protect the ‘traditional’ concept of family defined by the Constitution as based on the union between a man and a woman. – The European Parliament’s Intergroup on LGBT Rights ( http://www.lgbt-ep.eu/news.php)
Many prejudices still exist in Lithuania with a recent 2009 poll showing 81.5% of respondents considered homosexuality as a perversion/disease/filth, but these perceptions tended to relate to the age of respondents. The oldest age respondents were more likely to consider it as a disease or depravity, while the youngest age group of respondents was more likely to consider it a normal state of sexuality.
Lithunian Gay League Organization – Lithuanian Gay League is a national NGO supporting the rights of LGBT persons, and is one of the longest existing NGOs in Lithuania. The group is working closely with other Baltic LGBT organizations and with Amnesty International “to make the second Baltic Pride march and conference a breakthrough event for LGBT human rights in Lithuania.”
TRACE – For LGBT Equality, Against Homophobia in Lithuania – – Created as part of an EU program between Lithuania, Slovenia, France and Sweden. The common interest is to abolish discrimination and the inequality of LGBT persons in the area of employment. The website also includes the position of several Lithuanian MPs concerning their attitudes toward homosexuality.